Friday, September 25, 2020

KOREA RAILWAY: 

Most railways were operated by private companies  until 1946 when all the railroads except trams were nationalised under the rule of, in case of South Korea, the US Military Government . By the end of the 1960s, all the tram companies had gone bankrupt so there were no private rail companies left. 
HONG KONG RAILWAY:

Hong Kong's rail network mainly comprises public transport trains operated by the MTR Corporation Limited(MTRC) The MTRC operates the metro network of Hong Kong and the commuter rail network connecting the northeastern and northwestern New Territories to the urban area. 

Thursday, September 24, 2020

 SOUTH AFRICAN RAILWAY: 


The total network of South African is about 36,000 km which Government is owned. Some small portions of rail system have recently been privatised. There are some luxury trains in South African and one of the most notable trains is known as the Blue Train. The train runs between Cape Town to Johannesburg. A high-speed rail network has been proposed between Johannesburg and Durban but the work is yet to begin. The country has one of the best networks in the world. 
JAPAN RAILWAYS: 

Rail transport services in Japan are provided by more than 100 private companies, including 

· Six Japan Railways Group (JR) regional companies (state owned until 1987) which provide passenger services to most parts of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu; 

Wednesday, September 23, 2020

AUSTRALIAN RAILWAY: 

The Australian railway network is the world's seventh longest at more than 40,000 km. Except for a small number of private Railways ,most of the railway network infrastructure is owned and maintained by the Australian government either at the federal or state level. 
BRAZIL RAILWAYS: 

The railways were nationalised under RFFSA(Rede Ferroviaria Federal, Sociedade Anonima) in 1957. After 1999 RFFSA was broken up and in 2007 RFFSA dissolved and services are now operated by a variety of private and public operators. The 37,743 km network is predominantly freight-focused and includes major iron ore rail lines. The country's passenger rail services are mostly concentrated in urban and suburban areas. Eight Brazilian cities have metro systems, São Paulo Metro being the biggest among them. 

Tuesday, September 22, 2020

RUSSIAN RAILWAYS: 

Russia's whole network, operated by state-owned monopoly Russian Railways (RZD), runs for over 128,000 km. In 2013, the network carried 1.08 billion passengers and 1.2 billion tonnes of freight - the third highest freight volume after the US and China. 
UNITED STATES RAILWAYS:

The US rail network, with an operating route length over 250,000 km, is the biggest in the world. Freight lines constitute about 80% of the country's total rail network, while the total passenger network spans about 35,000 km. The US freight rail net work consists of 538 railroads (seven class I railroads, 21 regional railroads and 510 local railroads) operated by private organisations. Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF railway are among the largest freight railroad networks

Monday, September 21, 2020

GERMAN RAILWAY: 

In 1989, the Berlin wall fell and in 3rd Oct 1990 Germany was reunited. on 1st January 1994, the State railways Deutsche Bundesbahn and Deutsche Reichsbahn were formerly reunited to form the current German Railway Corporation(Deutsche Bahn).State-owned Deutsche Bahn dominates Germany's 43,468 km railway network, accounting for about 80% of the total freight traffic and 99% of the long-distance passenger traffic. 
CHINESE RAILWAYS: 

The first Chinese Railway train was operated in 1876, from Shanghai to Woosung (15 miles) nearly a quarter of a century after the first train in India was run in April 1853 between Bori Bunder and Thane (21miles) 

Sunday, September 20, 2020

ARGENTINA RAILWAYS: 

ARGENTINA’s railways are woven into the country’s national fabric. Carrying European immigrants into the country’s interior, and exporting agricultural produce the other way, the system helped Argentina to become the seventh-wealthiest developed country in the world by 1908. After a period of rapid expansion, the network peaked at around 47,000km, making it the largest in South America, but political instability, economic crisis and improvements to the road network triggered a decline from which the railways never really recovered. 
BRITISH RAILWAYS: 

The Total Rail network of UK is 15811 KMS( 5374 KMS electrified). 2566 railway stations. 

On January 1, 1948, the railways were nationalized and British Railways was created, under the overall management of the British Transport Commission, later the British Railways Board. 

Saturday, September 19, 2020

To 

The Hon’ble Prime Minister, 

Govt. of India,  New Delhi. 

Respected Sir, 

Sub: Long pending grievances of loco running staff; request for kind intervention. 
The Historic One Day Strike by Central Government Employees of 19th September 1968 

The indefinite strike of Central Govt. Employees in1960 was the first major strike of Central Govt. Employees after independence. The five days strike from 1960 July 11 midnight was brutally suppressed by the Central Government declaring it as “Civil Rebellion”. The main demand of the strike was improvement and modifications in the 2nd CPC recommendations. The Need Based Minimum Wage, though adopted by the 15th Indian Labour Conference in 1957, was rejected by the 2nd CPC. 

Thursday, September 17, 2020

“The expressions privatization,liberalization and deregulation are freely used in the context of railway restructuring,often synonymously.This committee will use the word liberalization and not the terms privatization and deregulation,as both of these two terms are apt to be misunderstood.” 

BIBEK DEBROY 

Friday, September 11, 2020

On 11 Sept 2020. 

Dear Comrades, 

Two private British Companies namely the East Indian Railway Company and the Great Indian Peninsular Railway(GIPR) Company founded in London in 1845 started the construction of the Indian Railways. Railways were introduced in India on 16th April 1853. 

Thursday, September 10, 2020

Com. Saroj Kumar Dhar widely known as Com. S.K. Dhar born in Chattgram district of Bangladesh on 14.02.1936, move from Bangladesh at his early age to West Bengal and joined Railway as engine cleaner at Burdwan in 1956.
In December 2019, the Union Cabinet in a major move to reform the 150-year-old railway board of the Indian Railways, approved to restructure the apex body of the Indian Railways by trimming its strength to half, and unifying its eight railways services into a central service called the Indian Railway Management Service.
THE CHAIRMAN 

RAILWAY BOARD   RAIL BHAVAN 

NEW DELHI-110001 
To 

THE CHAIRMAN 

RAILWAY BOARD   RAIL BHAVAN 

NEW DELHI-110001 

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